How many countries make up Europe?

According to the United Nations, Europe is officially made up of 44 countries. Although there is actually 50 countries encompassed within Europe, dependencies are not included. Nor is Turkey or Cyprus which are both considered part of Asia.

Located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, Europe is divided up into four regions: Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western Europe.

European culture is the foundation of Western society which can be traced back to Ancient Greece and Roman times. Christianity is the largest religion in Europe, with 75.2% identifying with Christianity and 18.2% claiming no religious affiliation.*

Full list of the 44 European countries are listed below.

Northern EuropeThe fishing village of Reine in Norway.
Eastern Europe – Church of the Savior on the spilled blood, in St Petersburg, Russia.
Western Europe – The fairytale village of Colmar, Alsace in France.
Southern Europe – The popular Greek Island of Mykonos
Country Sub-region
AlbaniaSouthern Europe
AndorraSouthern Europe
AustriaWestern Europe
BelarusEastern Europe
BelgiumWestern Europe
Bosnia & HerzegovinaSouthern Europe
BulgariaEastern Europe
CroatiaSouthern Europe
CzechiaEastern Europe
DenmarkNorthern Europe
EstoniaNorthern Europe
FinlandNorthern Europe
FranceWestern Europe
GermanyWestern Europe
GreeceSouthern Europe
Holy SeeSouthern Europe
HungaryEastern Europe
IcelandNorthern Europe
IrelandNorthern Europe
ItalySouthern Europe
LatviaNorthern Europe
LiechtensteinWestern Europe
LithuaniaNorthern Europe
LuxembourgWestern Europe
MaltaSouthern Europe
MoldovaEastern Europe
MonacoWestern Europe
MontenegroSouthern Europe
NetherlandsWestern Europe
North MacedoniaSouthern Europe
NorwayNorthern Europe
PolandEastern Europe
PortugalSouthern Europe
RomaniaEastern Europe
RussiaEastern Europe
San MarinoSouthern Europe
SerbiaSouthern Europe
SlovakiaEastern Europe
SloveniaSouthern Europe
SpainSouthern Europe
SwedenNorthern Europe
SwitzerlandWestern Europe
UkraineEastern Europe
United KingdomNorthern Europe


“The Global Religious Landscape” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2017 p18. Retrieved 28 February, 2021.

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